Bulgaria’s labor law system is designed to provide a framework for fair and equitable labor relations between employers and employees. The main laws governing labor relations in Bulgaria are the Labor Code and the Social Security Code.
The Labor Code sets out the rights and obligations of employers and employees, including the rights to fair compensation, safe working conditions, and protection against discrimination. It also sets out the procedures for hiring, terminating, and dismissing employees, as well as rules for working hours, overtime, and vacation.
Under the Labor Code, the minimum wage in Bulgaria is determined by the government on an annual basis. As of 2021, the minimum wage is BGN 460 (about 230 EUR) per month, which is subject to change. The standard working week is 40 hours, and the law also provides for at least 20 days of annual leave for employees. The law also regulates the payment of bonuses, severance pay and other compensation in case of termination of the contract of employment.
The Social Security Code regulates the social security system in Bulgaria, including the payment of contributions, the calculation of benefits, and the rights of beneficiaries. Employers are required to make social security contributions on behalf of their employees, and employees are also required to make contributions. The Social Security Code also provides for various types of benefits such as pension, medical care and others.
In Bulgaria, the law also provides for collective bargaining and the right to strike, but strikes are rare in the country. Employers are prohibited from discriminating against employees on the basis of race, sex, age, religion, sexual orientation, or other prohibited grounds. The Labor Code also regulates the rights of employees to form and join trade unions, and to participate in collective bargaining.
In case of violation of the labor law provisions, the employee can seek redress from the labor inspectorate and/or file a complaint to the court. Employers can also be held liable for damages caused to employees due to violation of the labor law.
In conclusion, the Bulgarian labor law provides a solid framework for labor relations in the country, ensuring fair compensation, safe working conditions and protection against discrimination for employees while also providing employers with the necessary tools to manage their workforce. The law also provides for various benefits and social security for employees, and mechanisms for resolving disputes. It is important for both employers and employees to be aware of their rights and obligations under the law to ensure compliance and avoid potential legal issues.
See too: How to buy property in Bulgaria. Purchasing property in Bulgaria.