Practice Areas

We Are Experts In:

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

  • Commercial law
  • Industrial Know-How (IP)
  • Local Taxes And Fees
  • How To Register A Company In Bulgaria?
  • Land Transport
  • Air Transport
  • Maritime Transport
  • Civil Law
  • Family Law
  • Immigration Law
  • Child Protection And Children’s rights
  • Non-Discrimination And Human Rights
  • Constitutional And International Public law
  • European Union law
  • Administrative Law
  • Entertainment Law
  • Books,Tv, Radio, www. 
  • The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679
  • Article 27 Representatives of controllers or processors not established in the Union
  • Data Protection Officer (DPO)

Subscription Legal Services

Your Legal Team, Supporting Your Growth

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Legal Representation

  • Entity Restructuring;
  • Trademark Application;
  • Customized Contract Template;
  • Operations Development & Support;
  • Customized Team Trainings & Workshops;
  • Ongoing Deal Management & Contract Negotiations;

Take legal services, for instance

  • Development And Extensive Research For Solving Individual Cases;
  • Legal Advices And Market Research;
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Arbitration & Mediation

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR). Such Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) procedures are Arbitration and Mediation.

some answers that will help you in the process

Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a way to resolve disputes outside the courts. The dispute will be decided by one or more persons (the “arbitrators”, “arbiters” or “arbitral tribunal”), which renders the “arbitration award”. An arbitration award is legally binding on both sides and enforceable in the courts.[1]

(1) An arbitration agreement shall mean consent of the parties to submit to arbitration the resolution of all or certain disputes which may arise or have arisen between them in connection with a specific contractual or non- contractual legal relation. This may be an arbitration clause in a contract or a separate agreement. (2) The arbitration agreement shall be in writing. An agreement shall be deemed of being in writing if contained in a document signed by the parties or in the exchange of letters, telex messages, telegrammes or other means of communication. (3) An arbitration agreement shall be deemed to exist also when the respondent in writing or by a statement, recorded in the minutes of the arbitration hearing, accepts the dispute to be heard by an Arbitral Tribunal or when the respondent participates in arbitration proceedings by filing a written reply, presenting evidence, submitting a counter claim or attending the arbitration hearing, without challenging the jurisdiction of the Arbitral Tribuna. 

Mediation, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a another  way to resolve disputes outside the courts.

All participants in mediation are encouraged to actively participate in the process. Mediation is a “party-centered” process in that it is focused primarily upon the needs, rights, and interests of the parties. The mediator uses a wide variety of techniques to guide the process in a constructive direction and to help the parties find their optimal solution.

Mediation, as used in law, is a form of alternative dispute resolution resolving disputes between two or more parties with concrete effects. Typically, a third party, the mediator, assists the parties to negotiate a settlement. Disputants may mediate disputes in a variety of domains, such as commercial, legal, diplomatic, workplace, community, and family matters.

 

International Trade & Investment

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of ​​Commercial Law. Belyov specializes in the field of commercial and investment law

some answers that will help you in the process

Commercial law or Mercantile law, also known as trade law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales.[1] It is often considered to be a branch of civil law and deals with issues of both private law and public law.

Industrial know-how, or onley know-how is any specific knowledge of a process, technology or procedure that is not commonly known but applied to your business can be considered as know-how. The important thing is that this knowledge has some economic benefits and that you strive to keep it secret.

The perfect example of know-how is a recipe for the soft drink Coca-Cola.

If you want to protect your industrial know-how, contact us

Some of the best reasons why investors should choose to start a business in Bulgaria include are low local taxes and fees.

For more information, and statistic about the taxes and fees in the EU countries, please open this link: 

https://www.avalara.com/vatlive/en/vat-rates/european-vat-rates.html

The different types of companies are determined by the liability of the company. 

 

  • Single person Limited Liability Company ” (EOOD) – an entity with one single owner with limited responsibility
  • “Private Limited Liability Company” (OOD)– owned by two or more partners with limited responsibility
  •  
  • “Sole Owner” (ET) – a simplified entity form which is appropriate for very small ventures (full owner’s responsibility)
  • “Freelance” – a personalized individual registration
  • “Public Limited Company” (AD) – joint-stock company – a commercial company with share capital owned by its members
  • “Branch in Bulgaria” – Foreign legal entities registered abroad can register a branch in Bulgaria

In Bulgaria, the law provides that business is carried out by traders who are subject to registration.

If you have any questions and would like to start a business or invest in Bulgaria, please contact us. 

Please feel free to contact us if you already have a company in Bulgaria.

International Transport & CMR Convention

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Internacional Transport. Regardless of whether it is a matter of land transport, maritime transport or air transport, our experts have the ability to help you with every single problem.

some answers that will help you in the process

Land transport is the transport or movement of people, animals or goods from one location to another location on land.

 

We are experts in:

  1. CMR Convention;
  2. ADR;
  3.  TIR Convencion;
  4. Problems with the customs and detained cargo;
  5. Insurance problems;
  6. Passengers, etc.

We are experts in:

1) Aviacion law;

2)Problems with airlines – stolen luggage, delayed flight, poor treatment of passengers and others.

Useful page:

https://www.iata.org/en/publications/store/world-air-transport-statistics/

We are expert in:

1)Regulation (EU) 2019/1239 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 establishing a European Maritime Single Window environment;

2)Cruise Accidents;

3)Ocean(sea and river) Shipping Problems for Cargo Owners

Waterborne transport is of capital importance within the European Union. Almost 90% of the EU’s external freight trade and 40% of the intra EU-exchanges of goods and passengers are carried by sea. 23 EU Member States are coastal states and 26 are Flag States. EU shipowners manage 30% of the world’s vessels and 35% of the global shipping tonnage. Each year, more than 400 million passengers pass through more than a 1.000 European ports (See more: Prof. Dr. H. Jessen, LL.M.  M.  Werner, “EU Maritime Transport Law” 2016, 34 p.) for more informacion contact us.

 

Family & Children's rights

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Civil Law.

some answers that will help you in the process

Civil law is a body of rules that defines and protects the private rights of citizens, offers legal remedies that may be sought in a dispute, and covers areas of law such as contracts, torts, property and family law.

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in all branches of Civil law, among which:

  • Contract Law;
  • Tort Law;
  • Property Law;
  • Family Law
  1. Divorce cases;
  2. Parental responsibility for your children after the divorce;
  3. Child maintenance;
  4. Adoption;
  5. Et cetera;

Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria:

Sec. 14.

The family, motherhood and children shall enjoy the protection of the State and society.

 

  • Rights of foreigners
  • Refugee Rights

Foreigner in the sense of Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria Act shall be any person who is not a Bulgarian citizen or is not a citizen of another Member State of the European Union, of a state, party to the Agreement on European Economic Area, or of the Swiss Confederation.

 

”International Protection” means the status of a refugee and a humanitarian status as they are specified respectively in art.8 and art.9, para.1-7 of the Asylum and Refugees Act.

  • Child protection;

 

– Children’s rights includes their right to association with both parents, human identity as well as the basic needs for physical protection, food, universal state-paid education, health care, and criminal laws appropriate for the age and development of the child, equal protection of the child’s civil rights, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of the child’s race, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, religion, disability, color, ethnicity, or other characteristics. Interpretations of children’s rights range from allowing children the capacity for autonomous action to the enforcement of children being physically, mentally and emotionally free from abuse, though what constitutes “abuse” is a matter of debate. Other definitions include the rights to care and nurturing(Bandman, B. (1999) Children’s Right to Freedom, Care, and Enlightenment. Routledge. p 67.).

Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria:

Sec. 14.

Abandoned children shall enjoy the protection of the State and society.

 

European Convention on the Exercise of Children’s Rights;

All text you can se here https://rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?documentId=090000168007cdaf

  • Protecting Victims of Discrimination

Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria:

Sec. 6, subsec. 2

All citizens* shall be equal before the law. There shall be no privileges or restriction of rights on the grounds of race, national or social origin, ethnic self-identity, sex, religion, education, opinion, political affiliation, personal or social status or property status.

* The term “citizens” refers to all individuals to whom this Constitution
applies.

Victims Of Crime​

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Criminal Law.

some answers that will help you in the process

  • Assistance and protection of victims of crime;
  • Drawing up complaints to the police, prosecutors and other competent authorities;
  • European Arrest Warrant;
  • Procedural representation under the Extradition Act and the European Arrest Warrant;
  • Legal defense in criminal procedure;
  • Et cetera;

 

Bulgarian Penal Procedure Code Right of defence
Sec. 15. (1) The defendant shall be entitled to defence.
(2) The defendant and the other persons participating in the penal procedure shall be provided
with all procedural remedies necessary for the defence of their rights and legitimate interests.
(3) The Court, the prosecutor and the investigating bodies shall make clear to the persons under
Para. 2 their procedural rights and shall provide them with the possibility to exercise those rights.
(4) The victim shall be provided with the needed procedural remedies for the defence of his/her
rights and legitimate interests.

Everyone has the right to a fair trial.

 

Institutions & Courts

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Public Law.

some answers that will help you in the process

  • Drafting of documents and representation before States and International Organization;

International Public law is a collection of laws that are accepted as governing the relations between states.

  • Legal representation before the Court of Justice of the European Union;
  • Procedures for cross-border assistance to the European Union
  • Legal representation before the courts and public authorities;
  • Licenses and permissions;

Administrative law is a branch of public law that is concerned with the procedures, rules, and regulations of a number of governmental agencies

Insurance & Reinsurance Litigation

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Insurance coverage law and litigation.

some answers that will help you in the process

  • Claims against insurance companies;

Insurance of immovable or movable property;

Healthcare & Medical Insurance;

Motor Vehicle Insurance;

Travel Insurance;

Life insurance;

Accident Insurance;

Liabilities insurance;

Et cetera;

 

Insurance fraud occurs when a person or entity makes false insurance claims in order to obtain compensation or benefits to which they are not entitled.

Property law

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Property Law

some answers that will help you in the process

  • Property disputes

Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria

Sec. 17. (1)

The right to property and inheritance shall be guaranteed and protected by law.

(2) Property shall be private and public.
(3) Private property shall be inviolable.
(4) The regime applying to the different units of State and municipal property shall be established by law.
(5) Forcible expropriation of property in the name of State or municipal needs shall be effected only by virtue of a law, provided that these needs cannot be otherwise met, and after fair compensation has been ensured in advance.

  • Purchasing Real Estate

How To Buy Property In Bulgaria?

 

Most common ownership documents:

  1. An ownership certificate ( notary deed),
    A valid tax assessment of the real estate;
  2. An exploitation permission (Act 16);
  3. A certificate for encumbrances, issued by the Property Register;
  4. In case one of the parties is a legal entity – certificate for good standing from the Commercial Register, as well as a decision of the managing body of the company for the property purchase;
  5. A full package of all the declarations required. The parties are obliged to present before the public notary a declaration for citizenship and marital status, which is a template, approved by the Minister of Justice.;
  6. Power of attorney in the absence of any of the contracting parties – in this case the content and the signatures of the parties shall be simultaneously notary
  7. verified;
    Current receipts for the payment of taxes, electricity, water and heating bills;
  8. Further documents, depending on every individual case;

Employment Litigation & Counseling

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Labor Law.

 

Employment laws, also known as labor laws, govern the relationship between employees and employers. 

some answers that will help you in the process

  • Work permits

Issue of work permits:

Competent authority – National Employment Agency

 

Required documents:

  • Power of attorney;
  • Ixed form request and statement;
  • Reasons for the request;
  • Three photographs of the foreigner;
  • Certified copy of the registration document or ID code proving the employer’s identity;
  • Legalized documents evidencing the foreigner’s education, specialty, legal capacity and/or acquired professional qualification, skills and experience;
  • Report by the employer on the foreigners working for the latter;
  • Report on the average staff employed under employment contracts for the previous 12 months;
  • Employment contract;
  • Other documents related to the specifics of the job and required by a regulatory documents;
  • Copy of a valid document for travelling abroad with a validity term no shorter than 7 months;
  • Regarding senior management staff and experts of a foreign legal entity: official legalized document certifying the job occupied by the foreigner in the structure of the foreign legal entity in the last 12 months.

 

 

Media & Entertainment Litigation

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of Entertainment Litigation.

 

We are law professionals who represent the artists, employees, and companies involved in the entertainment industry.

some answers that will help you in the process

  • Entertainment law

Entertainment law is not considered a separate legal discipline, but rather a blend of traditional legal disciplines, such as contract law, intellectual property law, and business law.

  • Books,Tv, Radio, www. 

Entertainment law, sometimes referred to as “media law,” provides various legal services to individuals and businesses involved in the entertainment industry. This area of law covers all different types of media including:

  • Music
  • Film
  • Publishing
  • Advertising
  • Internet
  • TV/Radio
  • Theater

GDPR

Belyov Law Office provides legal services in the area of General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

 

 

some answers that will help you in the process

  • The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679

Adapt your business to GDR requirements

 

  • Article 27 Representatives of controllers or processors not established in the Union

We can represent you in the EU

 

Representatives of controllers or processors not established in the Union

1. Where Article 3(2) applies, the controller or the processor shall designate in writing a representative in the Union.

2. The obligation laid down in paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to:

(a)

processing which is occasional, does not include, on a large scale, processing of special categories of data as referred to in Article 9(1) or processing of personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences referred to in Article 10, and is unlikely to result in a risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons, taking into account the nature, context, scope and purposes of the processing; or

(b)

a public authority or body.

3. The representative shall be established in one of the Member States where the data subjects, whose personal data are processed in relation to the offering of goods or services to them, or whose behaviour is monitored, are.

4. The representative shall be mandated by the controller or processor to be addressed in addition to or instead of the controller or the processor by, in particular, supervisory authorities and data subjects, on all issues related to processing, for the purposes of ensuring compliance with this Regulation.

5. The designation of a representative by the controller or processor shall be without prejudice to legal actions which could be initiated against the controller or the processor themselves.

  • Data Protection Officer (DPO)

We can be your Data Protection Officer.

1.   The controller and the processor shall designate a data protection officer in any case where:

(a)

the processing is carried out by a public authority or body, except for courts acting in their judicial capacity;

(b)

the core activities of the controller or the processor consist of processing operations which, by virtue of their nature, their scope and/or their purposes, require regular and systematic monitoring of data subjects on a large scale; or

(c)

the core activities of the controller or the processor consist of processing on a large scale of special categories of data pursuant to Article 9 and personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences referred to in Article 10.

2.   A group of undertakings may appoint a single data protection officer provided that a data protection officer is easily accessible from each establishment.

3.   Where the controller or the processor is a public authority or body, a single data protection officer may be designated for several such authorities or bodies, taking account of their organisational structure and size.

4.   In cases other than those referred to in paragraph 1, the controller or processor or associations and other bodies representing categories of controllers or processors may or, where required by Union or Member State law shall, designate a data protection officer. The data protection officer may act for such associations and other bodies representing controllers or processors.

5.   The data protection officer shall be designated on the basis of professional qualities and, in particular, expert knowledge of data protection law and practices and the ability to fulfil the tasks referred to in Article 39.

6.   The data protection officer may be a staff member of the controller or processor, or fulfil the tasks on the basis of a service contract.

7.   The controller or the processor shall publish the contact details of the data protection officer and communicate them to the supervisory authority.

Debt Collection

Belyov Law Office offers legal services in the field of debt collection from debtors. Whether the debtors are on or off the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria.

some answers that will help you in the process

  • Agreement
  • Judicial order
  •  Commercial papers (cheques, bills of exchange)

Agreement – 5 years unless otherwise stated. Labour
remuneration claims; claims arising from damages and penalties from a non-performed contract; claims for rent, interests and other periodic payments, have a statute of limitation of 3 years.
Judicial order / arbitral award – 5 years.
Commercial papers (cheques, bills of exchange) – 3 years.